^ንላዕሊ ይመለሱ/ሳ

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ኣንጻር ህግደፍን ሰዓብቱን ንሱር ነቀላዊ ለውጢ

ንምቋም ግዝኣት ሕጊ ዘኽብር ቅዋማዊ መንግስቲ

ንማሕበራዊ ፍትሕን ማዕርነትን ንምስፋን

ንምኽባር መባእታዊ ሰብእዊ መሰላትን ቅሳነትን

ጸረ ሰብ ብሰብ ምዝመዛን ቁጠባዊ ማዕርነትን ትቃለስ

Side Module

ችድድድድድድድድድድድድ ድድድ ድድድድ This is a module where you might want to add some more information or an image, a link to your social media presence, or whatever makes sense for your site.

You can edit this module in the module manager. Look for the Side Module.

ክንደይ ጊዜ ተሪፉዎ

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Kubik-Rubik Joomla! Extensions

ኣብ መስመር ዘለዉ

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               ፖሊቲካን ሃይማኖትን- ናይ ኤርትራ ቅልውላው- Eritrean Opposition Crisis

 

                                                   ብፍስሃ ናይር

 

                              " Build A Wall between State and Religion"

                          

                                         Thomas Jefferson

                        

ኣብታሪኽኤርትራእንተረኤናካብፖሊካዊቃልሲክሳብብረታዊቃልሲቀጺሉድማድሕሪናጽነትኤርትራእቲቀንዲምንጪክሳብሕጂእውንክፍታሕዘይተኻእለፖሊቲካዊምሕደራንሃይማኖትንፈሊኻዘይምርኣይኢዩ፣ምንጪናይግርጭትኣብኤርትራኣብሃገራዊመንነትወይድማካብስነ-ሓሳብዝመንጨወዘይኮነስኣብትሕቲሃገራዊመንነታትከምሃይማኖት፣ዓለትቋንቋ፣ኣውራጃኢዩ፣እቲቀንዲመሃንድስናይዚመንነታትእቲኣብኤርትራነጊሱዘሎስርዓትውልቀመላኺኢሳያስኢዩ፡ ስዒቡድማእቲሎሚኣብደንበተቃውሞዝርኤዘሎኣሰዃኹዓኣብፖሊቲካዊይኹንበርገሳዊኣብሃገራዊመንነትዘይኮነኣብሃይማኖታውን፣ብሄራውን፣ኣውራጃዉንዝተወደበኢዩ፡፤ልክዕኢዩኣብውሽጢኤርትራዊመንነትወይሃገረኤርትራብዙሓትሕዝብታትንቋንቋታትንሃይማኖትንከምዘሎፍሉጥኢዩ፣እቲተሳኢኑዘሎጥበብንኣፍልጦንነዚመንንታትእዚከመይተመሓድሮእዪ።እቶምፖሊቲካፈሊጣውያንኤርትራነዚመንንታትእዚእናመዝመዙሕዝቢኣብሓድሕዱእምነትከይሕድርንብሓንሳብብሰላምዝነብረሉክንዲዘናዲኣብናይሓድሕድጽልእንባእስንይኣቱእታሃገርከምሃገርዘይኮነትስናይውግእጎይቶት/ War-Lords/ ዝዕንድሩላቦታኮይናትተርፍ፣እዚከይከውንእዩድማኣህጉራዊማሕበረሰብኣብዚግዜዚኣብከምኤርትራዝኣመሰላሃገራትዘገድሶምደሞክራስያዊስርዓትንምእትታውዘይኮነስብዝኾነኣገባብኣብታሃገርጸጥታንሰላምን/ stability and security/ ንኦምብዘገልግልከመሓድርዝኽእልሓይሊዝመርጹ።

ሎሚ ኣብዚ መበል 21 ዘመን ኣብ ኤርትራዊ ማሕበራዊ መራኸቢ ብዙሓን ገኒኑ ዝርከብ ናይ ቃላት ውግእ ዝሕፍርን ዘሕንኽን ኣብ ሓቅነትን ወድዕነትን ኤርትራን ሕዝባን ኣተሓሳስባን እምነታትን ዘየሎ ካብ ጸቢብ ኣተሓሳስባ ውልቀ ሰባት ዝምንጩ ሓደገኛን ሰራምን ጸረ-ሰላምን ደምክራስያን ኣብ ኤርትራ ኢዩ። ብወገን ዓለም- ለኸ እንተረኤና እውን ፣ ሕሉፍ - ኢስላማውያንን ፣ሕሉፍ የማናውያን ሃገራውያን ኣብ ምዕራባውያን ሃገራት ንርኢ ኣሎና ክሊቲኦም ድማ ዕላማኦም ሓደ ኢዩ፡፤

ሕሉፍ ኢስላማውያን ይኹኑ ሕሉፍ-ሃገራውያን ክልቲኦም ተጻረርቲ ክነሶም ናይ ሓባር ዕላማኦም ግን ኣንጻር ደሞክራስያን ኣብ ዓለም ደሞክራስያዊ ስርዓታት ንምፍራስን፣ ብኣንጻሩ ምልክነት ንምንጋስ ኢዩ፡፤ ዕላማ ናይ ኤርትራ ኣግኣዝያውያንን ናይ ኤርትራ ኢስላማውያንን እውን ዕላማኦም ንመስርሕ ደሞክራስያን ኣብ ኤርትራ ሰላምን ደሞክራስያን ከይህሉ ንምልክነት ናይ ሓደ- ውልቀ ኣብ ሃይማኖትን ዓለታትን ዝተመስረት ምሕደራ ኣብ ኤርትራ ንኽህሉ ዝንቀሳቀሱ ባእታት ኢዮም።

ሎሚ እቶም የማናውያን ሃገራውያን ኣብ ምዕራባውያን ሃገራት ዝኽተልዎ ስትራተጂ እቲ ኩሉ ፖሊቲካውን ቁጠባውን ማሕበራውን ጸገማት ዝመጽእ ዘሎ በዞም ስደተኛታትን ኢስላምን ኢዩ ኢሎም ኣንጻሮም ይንቀሳቀሱ። ብወገን በቶም ኣግኣዝያንን ሕሉፍ- ኢስላማውያን ኤርትራውያን ዝካየድ ዘሎ ምንቅቃሳት እውን፣ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ፖሊቲካዊ ፣ቁጠባዊ ፣ ማሕበራዊ ጸገማት ብሰንኪ ምሕደራ ክርስትያን ኢዩ ይብሉ፣ እቶም ኣግኣዝያን ድማ ናይ ኤርትራ ጸገም ኢስላማውያን ኢዮም፣ ካብ ኤርትራ ክወጹ ኣለዎም ይብሉ፣ ክልቲኦም ኣግኣዝያውያንን ይኹኑ ኢስላማውያን ኣብ ኤርትራ ዕልመናዊ መንግስቲ ዘይኮነ ናይ ሃይምኖት መንግስቲ ክተኽሉ ኢዩ ናይ ርሑቅ ዕላማኦም።ኣብ ታሪኽ ከምዝረኤናዮ እዚ ክልተ እምነታት ኣብ ምዕባለ ሕብረተ-ሰብ ዓለም ኣሉታውን ኣዋንታውን ግደ ነርዎን ኣለዎን፣ ኣብ ታሪኽ ክርስትናዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ዘለወን ሃገራት በብግዜኡ ብዙሕ ውግኣትን ግርጭታትን ተኻዪዱ ኢዩ፣ ንኣብነት እቲ ካብ 1618-1648 ኣብ መንጎ ካቶሊካውያንን፣ ፕሮተስታንትን ዝተኻየደ ክሳብ ሕጂ እውን ኣሰሩ ዝርኤ ዘሎ ሓደ ምስክር ሃይሞኖት ክሳብ ክንደይ ኣብ ፖሊቲካዊ ሕይወት ኣትዩ ከምዝነበረን፣ እዚ ድማ ድሕሪ ብዙሕ ቃልስን ጻዕርታትን ሃይምኖት ካብ መንግስትን ፖሊቲካን ክፍለ ከምዘለዎ፣ሎሚ ዝበዝሓ ሃገራት ዓለም፣ዝመሓደሩሉ ኣገባብ ምሕደራ ኢዩ።

ኣብተን ዓረባውን ኢስላማውን ሃገራት ግን ገና ኣብዚ ደረጃ እዚ ሰለዘይተበጽሔ ኣብዚ መበል 21 ዘመን ኣብ ውግእ ሓድሕድ- ሱኒ ኣንጻር ሺዓ ይካየድ ኣሎ፣ ሕሉፍ ሓሊፉ ድማ ገለ ሓይልታት ኣብቲ ናይ መበል 16 ክፍለ ዘመን ናይ ካሊፋታት ምሕደራ ክምለሱ ዝደልዩ ሓይልታት ኢስልምና ሎሚ ንመላእ ዓለም ኣብ ኢስላምና ንምቅያር ዝቃለሱ ( ISIL-ISIS)ኣለዉ፡፤ ገለ ፈለጣትን መራሕትን ሃይማኖት ኢስልምናን ሃገራትን ደሞክራስያን ዕልማናዊ መንግስታት ኣንጻር ሃይሞኖት ኢስልምናን ኣተሓሳስባን ሰለዝኾና፣ ከምዚ ዓይነት ምሕደራ በቶም ኣብ ኢስልምና ዝኣምኑ ሕዝብታት ቅቡል ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ ሓራም- ገበን እውን ኢዩ ዝብሉ ኣለዉ። ዕልመናዊ መንግስቲ ማለት ግን ኣንጻር እምነታት ዘይኮነስ፣ እምነትን፣ መንግስትን ዝፈሊ፣ ኣብ ናጽነት ናይ እምነታት ኢድ ዘየኤቱ ስርዓታት ምሕደራ ዝበዝሓ ሃገራት ዓለምና ዝኽተልኦ ዕልመናዊ ምሕደራ ኢዩ።

ሎሚ ኣብዚ መበል 21 ዘመን ኣብ ዝሓላፈ ዘመን ናይ ካሊፋታት ክንምለስ ኣሎና ደሞክራስያን ሰብኣዊ መሰላትን ብሕጊ ኢስልምና ክኸውን ኣለዎ፣ ሃይማኖትን መንግስትን ክፍለ የብሉን ዝብሉ ኣብ ደንበ ተቃውሞ ኤርትራ ፖሊቲካውን በርገሳውን ማሕበራት ኣለዉ። ኣብ ዝበዝሓ ሃገራት ዓረብን ኣብ ኢስልምና ዝኣምና ሃገራትን መሰል ውልቀ-ሰብ፣ ይኹን ሰብኣዊ መስላት ብሓፈሻ ቅቡል ኣይኮነን፣ እሞ እንታይ ኢዩ እቲ ጸገም ሃይምኖት ኢስልምናዶ ደሞክራስያዊ ፍልስፍና፣ ኣብ ኤርትራኸ ብኸምዚ ኣረዳድኣ ኣብ መንጎ መንግስትን ሃይማኖትን ኣይፍለን ዝብልን ክፍለ ኣለዎ ዝብልን ብሓንሳብ ከናብር ይኽእልዶ፣ እስከ ምሁራትና ካብ ክልቲኡ ሸነኽ ብዛዕባዚ ኣረኣእያ አጽንዑልና

ኣብ ታሪኽ ከምዝረኤናዮ እዚ ክልተ እምነታት ኣብ ምዕባለ ሕብረተ-ሰብ ዓለም ኣሉታውን ኣዋንታውን ግደ ነርዎን ኣለዎን፣ ኣብ ታሪኽ ክርስትናዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ዘለወን ሃገራት በብግዜኡ ብዙሕ ውግኣትን ግርጭታትን ተኻዪዱ ኢዩ፣ ንኣብነት እቲ ካብ 1618-1648 ኣብ መንጎ ካቶሊካውያንን፣ ፕሮተስታንትን ዝተኻየደ ክሳብ ሕጂ እውን ኣሰሩ ዝርኤ ዘሎ ሓደ ምስክር ሃይሞኖት ክሳብ ክንደይ ኣብ ፖሊቲካዊ ሕይወት ኣትዩ ከምዝነበረን፣ እዚ ድማ ድሕሪ ብዙሕ ቃልስን ጻዕርታትን ሃይምኖት ካብ መንግስትን ፖሊቲካን ክፍለ ከምዘለዎ፣ሎሚ ዝበዝሓ ሃገራት ዓለም፣ዝመሓደሩሉ ኣገባብ ምሕደራ ኢዩ፣ ኣብተን ዓረባውን ኢስላማውን ሃገራት ግን ገና ኣብዚ ደርጃ እዚ ሰለዘይተበጽሔ ኣብዚ መበል 21 ዘመን ኣብ ውግእ ሓድሕድ- ሱኒ ኣንጻር ሺዓ ይካየድ ኣሎ፣ ሕሉፍ ሓሊፉ ድማ ገለ ሓይልታት ኣብቲ ናይ መበል 16 ክፍለ ዘመን ናይ ካሊፋታት ምሕደራ ክምለሱ ዝደልዩ ሓይልታት ኢስልምና ሎሚ ንመላእ ዓለም ኣብ ኢስላምና ንምቅያር ዝቃለሱ ( ISIL-ISIS)ኣለዉ፡፤ ገለ ፈለጣትን መራሕትን ሃይማኖት ኢስልምናን ሃገራትን ደሞክራስያን ዕልማናዊ መንግስታት ኣንጻር ሃይሞኖት ኢስልምናን ኣተሓሳስባን ሰለዝኾና፣ ከምዚ ዓይነት ምሕደራ በቶም ኣብ ኢስልምና ዝኣምኑ ሕዝብታት ቅቡል ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ ሓራም- ገበን እውን ኢዩ ዝብሉ ኣለዉ። ዕልመናዊ መንግስቲ ማለት ግን ኣንጻር እምነታት ዘይኮነስ፣ እምነትን፣ መንግስትን ዝፈሊ፣ ኣብ ናጽነት ናይ እምነታት ኢድ ዘየኤቱ ስርዓታት ምሕደራ ዝበዝሓ ሃገራት ዓለምና ዝኽተልኦ ዓለማዊ ምሕደራ ኢዩ።

ሎሚ ኣብዚ መበል 21 ዘመን ኣብ ዝሓላፈ ዘመን ናይ ካሊፋታት ክንምለስ ኣሎና ደሞክራስያን ሰብኣዊ መሰላትን ብሕጊ ኢስልምና ክኸውን ኣለዎ፣ ሃይማኖትን መንግስትን ክፍለ የብሉን ዝብሉ ኣብ ደንበ ተቃውሞ ኤርትራ ፖሊቲካውን በርገሳውን ማሕበራት ኣለዉ። ኣብ ዝበዝሓ ሃገራት ዓረብን ኣብ ኢስልምና ዝኣምና ሃገራትን መሰል ውልቀ-ሰብ፣ ይኹን ሰብኣዊ መስላት ብሓፈሻ ቅቡል ኣይኮነን፣ እሞ እንታይ ኢዩ እቲ ጸገም ሃይምኖት ኢስልምናዶ ክርስትና ደሞክራስያዊ ፍልስፍና፣ ኣብ ኤርትራኸ ብኸምዚ ኣረዳድኣ ኣብ መንጎ መንግስትን ሃይማኖትን ኣይፍለን ዝብል ኣምር ኣብተን ፖሊቲካዊ ውድባት ኣብ ደንበ ተቃውሞ ደለይቲ ደሞክራስያዊ ለውጢ ይርከቡ።

ትፈልጥዎዶ.............ቅድሚ ሃይማኖት፣ ሰብኣውነት ኢዩ ዝቅድም፣ ንሕና ደቂ /ሰባት ክሳብ ክንደይ ኢና ምቆምያታት እምነታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላትን፣ ኣህጉራዊ ውዕል ብዛዕባ ቁጠባውን ማሕበራውን ባህላውን መሰላት፣ ከምኡ ድማ ኣህጉራዊ ውዕል ብዛዕባ ሲቪላውን ፖሊቲካውን መሰላት ማእከል ገርና ምስ ሰብ ንነበር ኢዩ እቲ ስኢናዮ ዘሎና ኣፍልጦን፣

ኩልና ደቂ ሰባት ሓራ ኮና ማዕረ ክብርን መሰልን ዘሎና ኢና፣ ኣእምሮን ሕልናን ዝተዓደልና ብምዃና ድማ ኣብ ነንሕድሕድና ብመንፈሳዊ ሕውነት ክንቀራረብን ክንነበርን ንኸእለሉ ጥበብ ፍልጠትን ንድለ እምበር ኣነባ ካብዚ ብሔር ............ኣነባ ቋንቋይ ካብ ናትካ ይስልጥን................ ናተይ ሃይማኖት ኢዩ ንመንግስተ ሰማይ ዘእቱ........................እዚ ኹሉ ጃህራ ኣብዛ እነነብረላ ፕላነት ዓለምና ምትፍናንን ጽልእን እንተዘኮይኑ ምንም ረብሓ የብሉን፣ ናይ ወዲ ሰብ እምነት ብሕታዊ ኮይኑ፣ ኩልና ብሰላም ክንነብር ስራሕናን ምስ ሰብ ዝምድናናን ሰብኣውነት/ Humanity ማእከል ዝገብረ ክኸውን ኣለዎ እምበር ኣብ ንሕናን ......ንሳቶምን ኣብ ዝብል መርገጽ ክህሉ የብሉን።

                                     Separating Religion and State- english version

                                            

The relationship between the state and religion, between civil and religious authorities, and between secular and sacred codes of law will be the main issue of a constitution - making in post -dictatorship Eritrea.

What is important function of a constitution is to ensure peace and justice between all members of Eritrean diversity marked by deep religious divisions. Yet, in many parts of the world, the relationship between the state and religion continues to be one of the most difficult issues for constitution-builders to resolve. The specific problems are unique to each case, but certain generalities often emerge.

In Eritrea religion has associated with national identity or with the foundational values of the community. Public opinion may be expressed through parties that are motivated by, or identified with, a particular religion, for example the present religious affiliated political organisation in the opposition camp are good examples.

Can the Eritrean situations give rise to demands for religions to be given specific constitutional status? There might be religious minorities who seek special protections, including the right to have personal matters governed by their own religious law, resulting in an asymmetrical constitutional framework. Such moves towards the constitutionalisation of religion are likely to be opposed by those who believe that religion is essentially a private matter of conscience or that differences are best accommodated by combining universal freedom of religion with symbolic recognition of the role of one or more religions in social and cultural life, to the declaration of the secular (non-religious) basis of the state.

In practice, it can be difficult to achieve agreement or compromise on these questions in the design of a constitutional text, in part because the issues involved concern matters of personal identity and deeply held principles that are not easily negotiated. Therefore, the question of whether and how religion should be incorporated—or, conversely, whether the state should be secular —should be carefully and contextually considered with reference to prevailing political, historical and cultural circumstances in Eritrea.

The Eritrean Forces for democratic change must discuss the various forms of religion–state relations that are possible in the development of democratic constitutions, and articulate circumstances and contexts in which constitution-makers may have to confront a demand for religion. Discussions concerned with religion -state relations in Eritrea need separation of state and religion, or constitutional models being secular and guaranteeing religious freedom.

Constitutional guarantees of religious freedom

Religion is a matter which lies solely between Man & his God. No one has the right to enforce someone to be a Christian or Muslim or any other. The act of the Eritrean people should declare that the state should not make laws prohibiting or allowing the establishment of religion as today's Eritrea under the dictatorship.

 

 

The past state- religion relation

Throughout history, many states have been based on a close alignment of religious and civil authorities, and almost every pre-modern society has based its understanding of legitimate political authority on divine origins. Emperor worship, combining theocracy with absolute monarchy, was a feature of ancient China, Egypt and Japan and many African and Arab countries. The city states of Greco-Roman antiquity had their own civic deities, priesthoods and shrines, and the institutions of religion were regarded as an integral part of the constitution of the state.

Modern state - religion relations

Today, religious freedom and freedom from religious coercion are universally recognized principles of democracy. No state can today be regarded as free unless it guarantees freedom of religious belief and practice, including the freedom of religious minorities and of dissenters.

This historical recognition of religious freedom as an international norm— together with the recognition of other rights such as freedom of expression, due process of law and freedom from discrimination—establishes certain baselines in the constitutional relationship between the state and religion. A liberal democratic state cannot (a) forbid peaceful religious expression so long as this does not disturb public order or infringe the rights of others; (b) enforce unity or compliance in matters of religious faith or practice; or (c) punish or discriminate against people on account of their religious beliefs or identity. These baselines necessarily provide for some autonomy and pluralism in matters of religion, excluding both the repression of religion by the state (state atheism) and state compulsion in religious matters (state theocracy). Nevertheless, they leave a wide latitude for different modes of religion–state relations at the constitutional level, which are discussed in the following sections.

Continues.............................

ዝተወከስክዎምጽሑፋት

1. Universal Human Rights/ UN Dokuments

2. International Conventions

3. EGDI, Learning in Development Co-operation

4. EGDI, Dialogue in Pursuit of Development

5. Terry Eagleton, The Idea of Culture

6. Thomas Hammerberg, Social Rättvisa

 

ኣድራሻ መቓልሕ

Job Mekaleh pobox